“Vows (Goldman, Emma. “Marriage and Love.” New York: Mother Earth Publishing Association, 1910.)”, 2006 by Andrea Bowers. Vows is a two channel video installation using Emma Goldman’s essay “Marriage and Love”, a text which analyzes how the social institution of marriage is an oppressive institution of capitalism and oppositional to love. A single bride reading sections of the Goldman text is projected on each screen. In the installation the two women face each other and appear to be listening and responding, as though reciting marriage vows.